For 40 Family Health Center, the Physical Activity Questionnaire was developed in line with the world standards.
What is IPAQ?
As of 2010; on a global level, 23% of adults (20% of men and 27% of women) over the age of 18 are not sufficiently active. In high-income countries, 26% of man and 35% of women, in low-income countries 12% of men and 24% of women have inadequate physical activity. Low or decreasing levels of physical activity are associated with national income. The decline in physical activity is partly due to inactivity in leisure and sedentary behaviors in work and at home. Likewise, the increase in the use of passive modes in transport also contributes to inadequate physical activity.
The burden of a sedentary life as a public health problem is perceived all over the world, but its prevalence and effect have not been systematically measured.
The International Physical Activity Questionnaire appears to be the most effective method for measuring physical activity in large populations. The questionnaire was prepared to standardize the measurement of physical activity which is a global demand, nationally and internationally, and to ensure that it can produce evidence-based policy.
The questionnaire was developed and tested to evaluate individuals aged 15-69 with respect to their physical activity type as part of their daily lives. It has a short and long version.
In short version of the questionnaire, the activity status of the person is measured by interrogating the time spent in walking, moderate and severe physical activities.
Results of IPAQ:
Active: Those who are active at least 1,5 – 2 hours of day are in this group.
Intermediate active: Those who walk 30 minutes throughout 5 days or join similar activities are in this group.
Inactive: Those who do not enter the other 2 groups are considered inactive.
Physical Activity Efficiency Measurement with IPAQ
Physical Activity Efficiency Measurement with the IPAQ has put into practice in cooperation with Istanbul Public Health Management in order to measure the effect of ‘Exercise is Medicine Turkiye’ and Physical Activity Leadership Programs in Istanbul as pilot area within the scope of ‘Exercise is Medicine Turkiye’ program where Health Promotion and Health Policy Association is the licensor.
As of February 2016, IPAQ was started to be applied in Feedbox kiosk devices that were placed in 40 different Family Health Centers, selected in Istanbul, separated by 4 groups. The groups have been divided according to weather they have participated the Physical Activity Leadership Program or have been visited and informed about Exercise is Medicine program by our field representatives, or they have participated both programs or not participated any of the programs.